Factors such as peer pressure, physical and sexual abuse, early drug exposure, stress, and parental guidance can greatly affect a person's likelihood of using drugs and being addicted. Genetic and environmental factors interact with critical developmental stages in a person's life to affect addiction risk. An addictive personality is a personality who is more likely to become addicted to something. This can include someone becoming extremely passionate about something and developing an obsession or fixation.
The underlying factors for letting go and devoting too much to video games, food, sex, or drugs stem from hidden anxiety, depression, and poor impulse control. Addiction sometimes has to do with a lack of impulse control, but this is not exclusively the inability to resist impulses. In fact, people who are too rigid with their impulse management may also end up using substances as a manifestation of a pattern of obsessive-compulsive behavior. In fact, addiction often becomes a compulsion to use the substance based on a habit that has formed over time, rather than a single impulse to try something new.
Despite the difficulty of attributing exactly what makes some people more prone to addiction than others, countless studies have found that a combination of factors can play a role. Environment, genetics, family history, personality traits, and even stress can make a person more likely to use drugs or alcohol in the first place. Experimenting with different substances does not automatically lead to addiction; however, when different factors contribute to drug and alcohol use, addictions can develop. Experiencing mental conditions such as depression and anxiety may, but not always, indicate addictive personalities.
Someone who is restless and needs constant arousal may develop characteristics of an addictive personality. In popular culture, this image has become the subconscious image of the “addictive personality”, that is, the individual who considers himself almost destined to develop a substance addiction. Much research is being done on the medical diagnosis of addictive personality, as personalities are multifaceted and complicated. Although everyone's path to addiction is different, whether they try a drug or behavior, because that's what that person's parents or peers do, or just out of curiosity, what's common in all substance and behavioral addictions is their amazing ability to increase levels of a chemical substance important in the brain.
called dopamine, Boyle told Live Science. Genetics isn't the only indicator of addictive personalities; however, they can have a big influence on a person's personality traits. An article in Scientific American verifies and offers evidence of the fact that there is no personality type that leads to addiction. On the other hand, cautious people who have difficulties with social relationships, and who at the same time may suffer from depression, anxiety, or both, can also develop addiction; these personality types are more often women.
In addition, people born to parents who have experienced anxiety, depression, obsessive compulsive disorder, or bipolar disorder may be predisposed to having an addictive personality. With this knowledge, it is possible in the future to more accurately identify the likelihood that a person will develop addiction. A person addicted to heroin may be in danger of relapse when they see a hypodermic needle, for example, while another person may start drinking again after seeing a bottle of whiskey. This can lead to the person becoming dependent on the substance to feel good in general, which in turn can lead to tolerance and addiction.
Therefore, it is not surprising that people who are worried about developing a drug or alcohol addiction often try to figure out what the traits of an addictive personality may be. In this way, the adventurous and risky personality may have a greater chance of experimenting with these substances and, later, becoming addicted to them. But unlike the way doctors can predict a person's risk of breast cancer by looking for mutations in a given gene, no one knows enough to be able to pinpoint any gene or predict the likelihood of inheriting traits that could lead to addiction, he said. .